Before the first white settlers traveled along the Tioughnioga River to what is now known as Cortland County, the land was the traditional homeland of the Onondaga Nation (People of the Hills). The Onondaga Nation is a member of the Haudenosaunee (People of the Longhouse) Confederacy. The Confederacy consists of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora nations. The Haudenosaunee are sometimes referred to as the Iroquois Confederacy or Six Nations. The land was heavily forested and animals were plentiful which made it an important hunting ground for the members of the Six Nations.
Sources of information on the Haudenosaunee and Onondaga Nation. https://www.onondaganation.org/
CENTRAL NEW YORK MILITARY TRACT established
First white Settlers in Cortland County: James and Rohde Beebe and Amos Todd (Homer, NY)
Formation of towns and villages: Early settlers, transportation, beginnings of industry (grist and sawmills, etc), BEGINNING OF INDUSTRIAL HISTORY – 1789 FIRST GRIST MILL IN HOMER, FOLLOWED BY SAWMILLS, ASHERIES, AND TANNERIES social life, education, agriculture
Formation of Cortland County: Cortland County was created from the southern half of Onondaga County and part of the Boston Ten Towns on April 8, 1808, and was named in honor of the Pierre Van Cortlandt family
The abolitionist movement in Cortland County
Women’s Suffrage movement
The Wagon Industry in Cortland County
Railroads come to Cortland
Cortland soldiers served in the Civil War – 76th NY Volunteer Infantry, 157th Regiment NY Infantry, 185th NY Volunteer Infantry
Start of new industries/factories – inspiring new immigration (Germans, Irish, Italians, and Slavs seeking a better life).
Including rising and fall of major industries
- Wickwire Company 1873-1971
- Brockway Truck Company 1912-1977
- Smith Corona 1886-1994